Demand by design

Demand by Design is a set of thinking notes, working papers and other writing all concerned with the relationship between planning (in the past and in the present) and changing patterns of transport and energy demand.


Here are some of the questions I have been working on:

What is the relationship between planning practices and patterns of transport/energy use in everyday life?

– Spurling, N. (2015) Demand by design: how our infrastructure and professions shape what we do, available here >>
– Spurling, N. (2014) Mobility Practice Bundles: Exploring the relationship between planning practices and transport in everyday life, talk and workshop at PBES event, Cambridge, 25th-26th June.
– Spurling, N. and Blue, S. (2014) Entities, Performances and Interventions, in C. Foulds and C.L. Jensen (Eds) read here >>
– Macrorie, R., Daly, M. and Spurling, N. (2014) Can ‘systems of practice’ help to analyse wide-scale socio-technical change?,  in C. Foulds and C.L. Jensen (Eds) read here >>

Could we tell a history of social practices through analysing a history of space and land use (in homes, towns)? Would this reveal the intersections between planning practices and demand in everyday life?


Many of the original allotments in Stevenage were replaced by garages between 1950-1970

Spurling, N. (2016) Making (and unmaking) space for the car, Conceptualising Futures Panel, DEMAND  Conference, Lancaster University, 13th-15th April.

Spurling, N. (2015) Making Space for the Car at Home: Planning, priorities, practices, ESA Conference, Prague, 25th-28th August.

Spurling, N. (2015) Planning, priorities, practices: the history of residential car parking in Stevenage 1950-1970, DEMAND Summer School, Lancaster Uni, 14th-16th July.


How do changes in temporal and spatial patternings of daily life have implications for infrastructures-in-use?

Peaks, Sites and Cycles Summer School 2015

Spurling, N. (2016) Electrifying practices and the changing rhythms of daily life, Liverpool University, 17th March.

Spurling, N. (2015) Rhythms and patterns of daily life 1950-2000: the changing qualities of energy demand, ECEEE 1-6 June 2015, Toulon, France. Please get in touch if you are interested in reading this working paper.

Shove, E., Watson, M. and Spurling, N. (2015) Conceptualising Connections: Energy demand, infrastructures and social practices, European Journal of Social Theory,  v.18, 274-287




How was demand built & managed in the past? How are assumptions about demand imagined and incorporated into future plans and visions? Where & when is the planning that shapes  daily life done?


New York City 1937 ‘ABC of City Planning’

Energy Histories Energy Futures Summer School 2014

Spurling, N. (2015) National policy, local plans & household energy demand, Options, choices, actions on low carbon energy for local authorities, ETI , Loughborough, 14th December.


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